Elementary Latin a.d. III Nonas Septembrias

1) Legite in libro: pp. 9 – 16.

2) Discite: VI cases of Latin nouns—

***Memorize the names of the 6 cases; we’ll talk a lot more about how they are used next week.****

nominative – subject
genitive – possession     [of, ‘s, s’]
dative – indirect object [to, for]
accusative – direct object
ablative – prepositions [by. with]
vocative – addressing someone/thing [o]

The words in brackets [ ] are some ways that words put into these cases can be translated. The nominative and accusative forms are translated “as is” (you don’t need to add any extra words).

3) First declension of Latin nouns. Learn these endings and how to decline a word:

Endings (singular & plural)
a ae
ae arum
ae is
am as
a is
a ae

Using the word puella, “girl.”
puella puellae
puellae               puellarum
puellae              puellis
puellam            puellas
puella                puellis
puella                puellae

Nouns in the first declension are mostly feminine in gender.

You find the stem by taking the a ending off the nominative form, then add the endings.

4) Nova verba, p. 12. Choose 3 first declension nouns and decline—I will collect this homework next Wednesday. Please also write out the list of vocabulary words and note one cognate for each word.

fama, famae, f. rumor, fame
forma, formae, f. form, beauty
ira, irae, f. anger
nauta, nautae, m. sailor
pecunia, pecuniae, f. money
poena, poenae, f. punishment. poenas dare–to pay the penalty
poeta, poetae, m. poet
puella, puella, f. girl
magna, magnae. great, big.
multa, multae. much, many
et. and
sed. but
sine. preposition + abl. without

And you can email me at kchew@spc.edu with any questions, any time, about the assignment. Or, leave a comment here.

Felices Feriae!


About kristinachew

classicist | translator (of ancient Greek & Latin poetry & drama) View all posts by kristinachew

2 responses to “Elementary Latin a.d. III Nonas Septembrias

  • farah fanfan

    Can you please translate #’s 2 in english for me……

    thank you..


  • kristina

    Hi Farah, For #2, you just have to learn the names of the cases. I’ll provide a much more detailed explanation next Wednesday!


    If this helps: We looked at this sentence in class:

    Puella terret me. = “The girl terrifies me.”

    In Latin, you can also order the words like this:

    Me puella terret. Terret me puella. Puella me terret.

    These sentences all mean “the girl terrifies me.” You can move the words around, because (in Latin) you know if a word is a subject or object in a sentence because of its ending. So you need to learn the endings for each case to read a Latin sentence.


    This might be rather confusing—if it does not make sense, don’t worry, I will clarify everything next Wednesday!

    Dr. Chew


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