Elementary Latin pridie Nonibus Maiis

Homework:
Prepare your cheat sheet: Decline the following:
pagina, paginae (1st) – f
amicus, amici (2nd) – m
dolum, doli (2nd) – n
rex, regis (3rd) – m
corpus, corporis (3rd) – n
cursus (4th) – m
fides (5th) – f
– hic, haec, hoc (this; these)
– ille, illa, illud (that, those)
– ego, tu, is/ea/id, nos, vos, ei/eae/ea (I, you, he/she/it, we, you all, they)

Conjugate in all 6 tenses: sum, esse, fui, futurus (be)—possum, posse, potui (be able, can + infinitive)
What to know for the Final Exam

1) Translation
you can use a ‘cheat sheet’ (pagina dolorum); a dictionary (an actual book)
Prepared Translation from Virgil’s 4th Eclogue
Sight Translation

2) Grammar
– conjugating verbs in all 6 tenses of the passive voice
– all 4 conjugations 2nd and 3rd conjugations
– translating the verbs
– principle parts of verbs; what they are, how to translate
– infinitive; perfect passive participle
– imperative (extra credit)
– decline nouns in 4th & 5th declensions
– decline relative pronoun (qui, quae, quod—who, which)

Things I expect you to know:
– 6 cases and how to translate them: nominative (subject), genitive (OF), dative (TO, FOR), accusative (direct object), ablative (BY, WITH; prepositions), vocative (addressing someone)
– 1st, 2nd, 3rd declensions of nouns
– conjugate verbs in 6 tenses in active voice
– hic, haec, hoc (this; these)
– ille, illa, illud (that, those)
– ego, tu, is/ea/id, nos, vos, ei/eae/ea (I, you, he/she/it, we, you all, they)
– conjugate in all 6 tenses: sum, esse, fui, futurus (be)—possum, posse, potui (be able, can + infinitive)

* Translation prep for exam–click on ‘more’


Eclogue by Virgil (40 BC) p. 139

Venit iam magna aetas; [James]  aetas-age, era; venio-come; iam-now; magna-big, great
de caelo mittitur puer, de. down from; caelum-sky [celestial], mitto, mittere–send; puer-boy   Down from the sky a boy is sent

mittitur. present, passive

send—-sent

http://lysy2.archives.nd.edu/cgi-bin/WORDS.EXE
qui vitam deorum habebit [Rose]

who will have the life of the gods
deosque videbit [ que deos videbit]

-que = et “and”    arma virumque cano

and will see the gods.
et ipse videbitur ab illis. [Aqsa]

And he himself will be seen by those.
Hic puer [Jacobus Driscollus] reget mundum

This boy will rule the world
cui virtutes patris pacem dederunt.

to who the virtues of the father gave peace.

to whom the father’s virtues have given peace.

This boy, to whom the father’s virtues have given peace, will rule the world.
Pauca mala, autem, remanebunt

A few bad things however will remain

quae homines iubebunt laborare

which will order humans/men to work.

iubeo, iubere. order
atque bellum asperum gerere.

and to wage harsh war.

bellum gerere, to wage war.
Erunt etiam altera bella

There will also/still be other wars.
atque iterum ad Troiam magnus mittetur Achilles.

And again to Troy big/great Achilles will be sent.

mittetur, passive; send

Tum, puer, ubi iam longa aetas te virum fecerit

Then, boy, when  now the long age will have made you a man,

facio, facere, feci, factus. make

erunt nulli labores, nulla bella;

there will be no labors, no wars.
nautae ex navibus discedent,

sailors will depart from/out of the ships.
agricolae quoque iam agros relinquent,

farmers also now will abandon the fields.

agricola. farmer  ager, agri. field
terra ipsa omnibus hominibus omnia parabit.

earth itself will prepare all things for all humans [beasts]

ferus, bestia = beast     monstrum = monster

Currite, aetates;

run, ages!
incipe, parve puer,

begin, small boy!

scire matrem,

to know [your] mother,
et erit satis spiritus mihi tua dicere facta.

and there will be enough spirit to me to say your deeds.

About kristinachew

classicist | translator (of ancient Greek & Latin poetry & drama) View all posts by kristinachew

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