What To Put On Your Cheat Sheet (Latin/Greek classes)

For both exams: You do NOT need to know vocabulary; I’ll provide this. What you DO need to know is below, for Elementary Latin and for Elementary Greek.


Elementary Latin

Review sheet from last fall is here.

- 6 cases and how to translate them: nominative (subject), genitive (OF), dative (TO, FOR), accusative (direct object), ablative (BY, WITH; FROM; AT; prepositions), vocative (addressing someone)

- 1st, 2nd, 3rd declensions of nouns
- conjugate verbs in 6 tenses in active voice (present, imperfect, future, pluperfet
- hic, haec, hoc (this; these)
- ille, illa, illud (that, those)

-qui, quae, quod (who, which)

-sui, sibi, se, se = intensive pronoun (himself, herself, itself, themselves)
-ipse, ipsa, ipsum = intensive pronoun (himself, herself, itself, themselves)
- ego, tu, is/ea/id, nos, vos, ei/eae/ea (I, you, he/she/it, we, you all, they)
- conjugate in all 6 tenses: sum, esse, fui, futurus (be)—possum, posse, potui (be able, can + infinitive)
- conjugating verbs in all 6 tenses of the active  voices
- principal parts of verbs; what they are, how to translate

_____________________________

Elementary Greek

Review sheet from last fall is here.

Nouns and Pronouns
-1st declension nouns θεά (goddess) νίκη (victory)
-2nd declension nouns (masculine ἄνθρωπος and neuter δῶρον)
-3rd declension nouns (m/f ασπις ασπιδις and n ονομα, ονοματος)

5 cases: nominative (subject), genitive (OF), dative (TO, FOR), accusative (direct object); vocative (addressing someone)

ο, η, το ‘the’ in masculine, feminine, neuter
personal pronouns: words for εγω- I, συ- you, ημεις – we, υμεις you (pl.)
οδε, ηδε, τοδε (this; these); ουτος, αυτή, τούτο (this/that; these/those); εκείνος, εκείνη, εκείνο (that/those).

Verbs
- Tenses: present, future, imperfect
- Voice: active, middle, passive
- Moods: indicative, infinitive, imperative
- Irregular Verbs (know all 3 tenses, infinitive):
‘to be’: εἰμί
- Contract verbs (conjugating in present, imperfect, future tense for verbs with an ε stem (ποιεω—make, do)—-verbs with an α stem (γελαω—laugh)—Verbs with an ο stem (δηλοω—make clear).

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About kristinachew

classics professor, mother of Charlie, happily married to Jim, translator of languages dead and very much living View all posts by kristinachew

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