Elementary Latin~ due Nonis Octobris
- Quiz on conjugating verbs in the imperfect tense and 2nd declension neuter nouns, vocabulary ch. 4.
- Decline consilium, periculum.
- Imperfect tense: Endings are -bam, -bas, -bat, -bamus, -batis, -bant.
Latin vocabulary. ch. 4: bellum (n) war — consilium (n) plan – cura (f) care, anxiety — donum (n) gift – exitium (n) destruction — magister, -tri (m) teacher — mora (f) delay – nihil (n) nothing — oculus (m) eye — officium (n) duty —— otium (n) leisure — periculum (n) danger — malus, -a, -um bad, evil — parvus, -a, -um small — sum, esse to be
- Quiz on the imperfect tense; attributive and predicative position; temporal augments and numbers 1-10. Vocabulary is NOT on this quiz.
- Conjugate in the present and imperfect: φυλάττω, λύω, άγγέλλω.
ἐφύλαττον, ἐφύλαττες, ἐφύλαττε (ν) , ἐφυλάττομεν, ἐφυλάτετε, ἐφύλαττον
ἔλυον, ἔλυες, ἔλυε (ν), ἐλύομεν, ἐλύετε, ἔλυον
ἤγγελλον, ἤγγελες, ἤγγελλε (ν), ἠγγέλλομεν, ήγγέλλετε, ἤγγελλον
- η αγορά – agora, marketplace
- η αρχή – beginning, rule, province
- δέκα – ten
- δια – (gen) through, (acc) on account of
- επιτηδειος, επιτειδεια, επιτειδειον – suitable
- τα επιτειδεια – provisions
- η ημέρα – day
- η στρατια – army
- η φιλία – friendship
- φιλιος, φιλία, φιλιον – dear, friendly
- η χώρα – land, country
- άθροιζω. collect
- άλλά. but, however
- ἁρπάζω. seize
- άρχαῖος, άρχαἰα, άρχαῖον. ancient, original
- ὁ βάρβαρος. foreigner, ‘barbarian’
- τὸ έργον. work, deed
- ἡ κραυγἠ. shout
- ὁ λόγος word, speech, account
- ἡ σιγή. silence
- On Friday we are FINALLY going to talk about Herodotus! Make sure you are caught up on all the reading in The Landmark Herodotus: on Egypt, pp. 117- 159.
Some information about what was discussed in class:
Early rise of the Polis
— Economic revival in 8th century Archaic Age– growth of non-aristocratic population, wealthier thanks to commerce and trade.
-demand for equitable treatment in particular legal
– invention of citizen / members of city-state rise from this demand
– citizens (men/women) vs foreigners, metics (resident aliens), slaves
– some rights: “access to courts to resolve disputes, protection against enslavement by kidnapping, and participation in the religious and cultural life of the city-state. …. participation in politics, although the degree of participation open to poor men varied among the different city states. The ability to hold public office, for example, could be limited in some cases to owners of a certain amount of property or wealth.”
– women had identity, social status, rights to participate in some religious cults an as priestesses, legal protection against kidnapping and being sold into slavery; needed κυριος as male representative in legal matters
- The optative mood of verbs.