- Review the pronoun is, ea, id (he, she, it).
- Translation: ~ Illa animâlia trâns flûmen ab eô aguntur. [animal means what it looks like! flumen= river, ago, agree = lead]~ Haec flûmina â multîs poetîs laudâbantur.
~ Multa carmina dê hîs flûminibus scrîbêbantur. [carmen = song]
- Aorist Participle: how do you form it?
- Learn the word for “all, each, every,” πᾶς, πὰσα, πᾶν — note similarities with the aorist participle. (The word is decline in our textbook or you can look it up by scrolling down here to where it says the unwieldy sounding ‘Consonant-Declension Adjectives with Three Endings.’)
History of Rome
- Papers are due at the start of class, February 26, 11am. You can email them to me or print out a paper copy; please be sure to review the instructions for the paper here.
- We will have a short midterm on Livy and what we’ve learned so far on (tentatively) Friday, March 8. If you’ve taken notes in class about the kings, rise of the Roman republic, Roman government and officials, expansion of Rome through Italy and beyond, and have kept with all the reading in Livy, you’ll be prepared.
- Territorial expansion of the Roman empire.
- Roman Empire.net
- The following chart is from a Timeline of Roman history (by Jim Jones, West Chester University).
ROMAN MONARCHY 1200 BCE Etruscans reached northern Italy 800-500 BCE Greeks established colonies throughout southern Italy 800 BCE Phoenicians established Carthage on the north coast of Africa about 753 BCE village of Rome founded 600 BCE Rome was a province of Etruria 509 BCE Romans revolted against the Etruscan kings and created the system of government by the Senate and the Assembly THE CONQUEST OF ITALY 494 BCE first disputes between patricians (wealthy landowners who controlled the Senate) and plebeians (ordinary citizens) 450 BCE “Law of the 12 Tables” provides written Roman law 390 BCE Gaulic invasion sacked Rome 282-272 BCE War with Pyrrhus 265 BCE Rome completed the occupation of the Italian peninsula THE CONQUEST OF THE MEDITERRANEAN 264-241 BCE First war with Carthage (First Punic War) 238 BCE Conquest of Sardinia 229-228 BCE First Illyrian War (Balkans) 219 BCE Second Illyrian War 218-201 BCE Second Punic War (Hannibal crossed the Alps) 215-205 BCE First Macedonian War 200-197 BCE Second Macedonian War 200-191 BCE Gaul invasion of northern Italy 192-189 BCE Syrian War 171-168 Third Macedonian War 149-148 BCE Fourth (and final) Macedonian War 149-146 BCE Third Punic War and final defeat of Carthage